The Fighting Back® project in Vallejo, Calif., worked from 1990 to 2002 to prevent, intervene and treat alcohol and other drug abuse, focusing on local partnerships and strategic alliances to coordinate activities.
The project was part of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) national program Fighting Back: Community Initiatives to Reduce Demand for Illegal Drugs and Alcohol.
Three of the four outcome measures—binge-drinking rates, illegal drug use in the previous 12 months and knowledge about counseling opportunities—moved in the desired direction; only marijuana use moved in the wrong direction. However, none of these findings was statistically significant. (Quantitative national evaluation of Fighting Back by Brandeis University)
Among seventh-, ninth- and 11th-grade students, there was a sharp decrease in alcohol, tobacco and drug trial use, especially among younger students, between 1990 and 1999. (California Healthy Kids Survey 2000)