In 1999, researchers at the market research firm Gordon S. Black Corp. (now Harris Interactive), Rochester, N.Y., conducted a study to determine the factors and persons that influence physicians' decision to refer their patients to hospice.
Researchers identified factors that encourage hospice referrals ("enablers"), as well as factors discouraging hospice referrals ("barriers"), and grouped them according to their source.
The project was part of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's (RWJF) national program Targeted End-of-Life Projects Initiative.
The principal investigator reported the following findings, among others, in an article in the February 2002 Journal of Palliative Medicine:
Enablers of hospice referral
Barriers to hospice referral