From January 2000 through June 2002, researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham studied the factors that promote physical activity among rural African-American women in Wilcox County, Ala.
Findings were added to a separate, six-site study funded by the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) that explored the barriers and enablers of physical activity among urban African-Americans, rural Hispanics, urban Native American women and rural white women.
Overall results from the CDC study, called Special Interest Study #5 (SIP-5), will be used to develop and test a model of the determinants of physical activity.
From six focus groups, made up of 61 rural African-American women, ages 20 to 50, in Wilcox County, Ala., the investigators categorized the following barriers to, and enablers of, physical activity:
Suggestions for social, environmental, and policy changes that would encourage physical activity in the community, included: