Researchers from the Johns Hopkins University Institute for Policy Studies studied the housing arrangements nationally of disabled people living in the community.
They also examined outcomes associated with different types of dwellings, and impediments to making needed housing adjustments as well as the impact of the 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and enforcement laws on increasing housing modifications.
Data for the study came from the Census Bureau's 1995 American Housing Survey (AHS) Housing Modification Supplement sponsored by HUD.
The study used three sets of indicators for children, working-age adults and the elderly:
The study produced four key findings about working-age adults: