From 1990 through 1997, Yale University School of Medicine restructured the organization of basic science teaching within the school.
This effort was part of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's (RWJF) Preparing Physicians for the Future program, a national initiative designed to facilitate major undergraduate curriculum reform in U.S. medical schools.
- A series of courses on the bio-psychosocial components of health care—focusing on the influences of economic, environmental, cultural, ethical, legal, psychobehavioral, and other societal factors on health care and delivery—was integrated into all four years of the curriculum.
- In the third year, each required clerkship incorporated a significant ambulatory component.
- In the fourth year, each student was required to complete a four-week primary-care experience.