From 1994 to 1997, a project team at the University of California, Los Angeles, School of Medicine, studied the long-term care being provided to nursing home residents using different models of HMO primary care. They conducted case studies of three HMO programs covering 402 nursing home residents.
The project was part of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) Chronic Care Initiatives in HMOs national program.
Researchers found two basic models of providing care:
Their study of these models found: