During 1997 and 1998, researchers from Innovative Medical Research — a Towson, Md. company that conducts research clinical trials for a variety of clients — developed and tested three research tools that provide the foundation for a planned asthma intervention appropriate for use in managed care organizations.
The research team also used two of the tools to collect preliminary data.
Key Results and Findings
- The project team developed three research tools that provide the foundation for a planned asthma intervention appropriate for use in managed care organizations:
- A brief, two-minute interview that can be conducted by telephone to assess problems related to asthma over the previous two weeks.
- A patient interview to assess knowledge of self-management skills and attitudes toward effective asthma control.
- A physician interview to assess clinical knowledge of asthma treatment guidelines.
- Preliminary fielding of the interviews among patients and primary care doctors in a health maintenance organization (HMO) showed that:
- Asthma patients scored poorly on knowledge of measures to control environmental exposure, long-term control medications, and asthma self-management strategies.
- Physicians scored poorly on the assessment of the severity of asthma, knowledge of the indications for use of a common medicine for the treatment of asthma, and developing written plans with patients for asthma self-management.
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) supported this project through a grant of $199,913.