Field of Work: Involving academic health centers in the health needs of surrounding communities
Problem Synopsis: An August 11, 1989 article in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), "Academic Medicine as a Public Trust," laid out a challenge to academic medicine to fulfill its public trust: "Academic medicine…has been relatively unresponsive to a number of vexing public problems, including…substandard indexes of population health…. The central issue is how well academic medicine is fulfilling its responsibilities to the public."
Synopsis of the Work: Health of the Public: An Academic Challenge co-funded in 1992 by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) and The Pew Charitable Trusts, challenged academic health centers to broaden their mission to address the health needs of their surrounding communities.
A 1996 evaluation, conducted by Norman H. Edelman, MD, of the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Piscataway, N.J. and Nurit Guttman, PhD, New Brunswick, N.J., found: