During 1995 and 1996, investigators at Kalkines, Arky, Zall and Bernstein took a snapshot of the state of the health care safety net in four major urban areas (Boston, Miami, Philadelphia, and New York City).
The research team also made program development recommendations to RWJF regarding the maintenance and improvement of the health care safety net.
Kalkines, Arky, Zall & Bernstein was a Manhattan law firm specializing in health care law. It was acquired in 2003 by Los Angeles-based Manatt, Phelps & Phillips.
A similar contract was awarded to the Lewin Group under grant ID# 028039, to assess safety-net viability in Dallas, Los Angeles, Memphis, and also in New York City.
Along with findings related to each of the studied cities, investigators presented the following findings to RWJF regarding the overall state of the safety net: