From 1995 to 1997, researchers at the University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine studied the issue of detaining TB patients who are persistently non-adherent to therapies.
Although only a very small percent of patients are persistently non-adherent, they are at highest risk for spreading multiple drug resistant TB, the most dangerous kind of TB.
The project was part of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's (RWJF) national program Old Disease, New Challenge: Tuberculosis in the 1990s.
The project conducted a 50-state survey of laws and regulations regarding long-term detention of persistently non-adherent TB patients, comparing provisions for civil (versus criminal) detention and for procedural safeguards.
Researchers did case studies of civil and criminal detention of persistently non-adherent TB patients in California. They also made an assessment of the need for secured housing for tuberculosis patients, carried out through a questionnaire to county tuberculosis controllers in California.