Examining the exceptional increase in life expectancy in New York City, 1990-2009

The Foundation's Making Prevention Matter initiative was designed to support strategies that shape the national dialogue on prevention's role in improving health and the economy.This project seeks to explain the exceptional increase in life expectancy in New York City (NYC) from 1990 through 2009. NYC gained 8.2 years of life expectancy during that period, as compared with 2.8 years for the United States as a whole. The grantees will conduct their analysis by calculating life tables for all causes and for individual causes of death for NYC and for the United States, allowing them to calculate the extent to which particular causes of death contributed to differences in life expectancy, cross-sectionally and over time. Individual causes of death to be analyzed include HIV/AIDS, homicide, lung cancer, unintentional overdose, and diabetes. The grantees will also examine whether and how the changing composition of the population during these two decades may have contributed to NYC's exceptional performance by analyzing migration patterns as well as differences in mortality by race and ethnicity. They will additionally consider the impact of changes in the socioeconomic status of the population by examining mortality patterns by educational attainment. Deliverables will include a report describing findings, which they will submit for publication in the peer-reviewed literature. Grantees will also make several presentations of findings at academic conferences, as well as one or two presentations to interested NYC officials and researchers.

Grant Details

Amount Awarded $180,571.00

Awarded on: 10/4/2012

Time frame: 11/1/2012 - 10/31/2013

Grant Number: 70421


University of Pennsylvania Population Studies Center

239 McNeil Building
3718 Locust Walk
Philadelphia, 19104-6298


Irma T. Elo
Project Director


Samuel H. Preston
Project Director