Mapping state laws that criminalize HIV transmission and exposure to facilitate research on the laws' impact
The Foundation's program, Public Health Law Research: Making the Case for Laws That Improve Health, was designed to build the evidence for public health law and policy, translate research findings into practical tools to increase the support for and use of law by policy makers and public health practitioners, and to translate findings to other fields and venues to improve and protect health.The application of criminal penalties for unintentional transmission of or exposure to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or "HIV criminalization" continues to be an important topic for policy, drawing attention from researchers and policymakers alike. The President's 2010 National HIV/AIDS Strategy for the United States recommended that state criminal laws relating to HIV be reviewed and revised for consistency with public health principles and with current scientific understandings of HIV infection. This project will map US state laws criminalizing the transmission (or exposure of others to risk of transmission) of HIV. Using legal databases, the two-phase research process will first map criminalization statutes, and then, map reported judicial findings which characterize any conduct that risks HIV transmission as a common law crime (e.g., as a form of reckless endangerment or of battery). Deliverables will include an online database of criminalization laws, a research protocol summarizing search methods and verification methods, and a codebook providing definitions of terms used to code the laws for characteristics.
Amount Awarded $49,881.00
Awarded on: 2/9/2012
Time frame: 3/1/2012 - 12/31/2012
Grant Number: 69855