Exploring whether and how interaction with Temporary Assistance for Needy Families facilitates treatment entry for substance abusing low-income women

The Foundation's Substance Abuse Policy Research Program was designed to provide support for investigators to conduct policy research on a variety of subjects directed at helping the country reduce the harm caused by substance abuse.With the replacement of Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) by Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) in 1996, most low-income mothers are not current cash aid recipients. Those who do receive TANF now face differing program requirements that may either enable or hinder access to appropriate services. These changes raise the possibility that many low-income women with substance use disorders are out of contact with traditional systems that facilitate assessment, referral, and financing of appropriate treatment. Alternatively, more stringent TANF requirements may increase the concentration of severely disadvantaged women (including those with substance use disorders) within TANF. This study will examine the prevalence of substance use and use disorders among low-income mothers (contrasting experiences of TANF recipients and non-recipients) as well as the prevalence of physical health and psychiatric comorbidities among low-income mothers with substance use or use disorders. It will also examine correlates of substance abuse treatment receipt among low-income mothers to identify populations disconnected from services, as well as the association between TANF receipt and substance abuse treatment receipt. Further, the research will examine associations between state TANF policies and TANF receipt among low-income mothers with substance use disorders; between state TANF policies and substance abuse treatment receipt among low-income mothers; and between state TANF policies and the probability of severe economic disadvantage among low-income mothers with substance use disorders.

Grant Details

Amount Awarded $98,494.00

Awarded on: 7/25/2008

Time frame: 8/1/2008 - 6/30/2010

Grant Number: 64743


University of Chicago School of Social Services Administration

969 East 60th Street
Chicago, 60637-2640


Harold Alexander Pollack
Project Director