Identifying targets to improve smoking cessation advice rates in the inpatient setting
The Foundation's Substance Abuse Policy Research Program was designed to provide support for investigators to conduct policy research on a variety of subjects directed at helping the country reduce the harm caused by substance abuse.Over 4 million smokers are hospitalized each year. Hospitalization increases smokers' motivation to quit because illness makes the harms of tobacco use more salient for smokers and hospitals impose a period of abstinence on smokers. Meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials of inpatient smoking cessation (SC) interventions show that efforts begun during a hospital stay increase the use of effective SC treatments and improve long-term quit rates after discharge. Thus, hospital-initiated intervention is a way to stimulate consumer demand for and use of proven SC products/services. In 2002, JCAHO, which accredits U.S. hospitals, adopted a set of publicly reported quality measures for U.S. hospitals that included SC advice/counseling delivered in hospitals. This study will use patient- and hospital-level data from a national sample of ~4000 hospitals in the HQA to measure factors determining SC advice/counseling rates for inpatient smokers with AMI, CHF, and pneumonia.
Amount Awarded $99,981.00
Awarded on: 3/26/2008
Time frame: 5/1/2008 - 10/31/2009
Grant Number: 64158