The Foundation's Substance Abuse Policy Research Program was designed to provide support for investigators to conduct policy research on a variety of subjects directed at helping the country reduce the harm caused by substance abuse.Over 4 million smokers are hospitalized each year. Hospitalization increases smokers' motivation to quit because illness makes the harms of tobacco use more salient for smokers and hospitals impose a period of abstinence on smokers. Meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials of inpatient smoking cessation (SC) interventions show that efforts begun during a hospital stay increase the use of effective SC treatments and improve long-term quit rates after discharge. Thus, hospital-initiated intervention is a way to stimulate consumer demand for and use of proven SC products/services. In 2002, JCAHO, which accredits U.S. hospitals, adopted a set of publicly reported quality measures for U.S. hospitals that included SC advice/counseling delivered in hospitals. This study will use patient- and hospital-level data from a national sample of ~4000 hospitals in the HQA to measure factors determining SC advice/counseling rates for inpatient smokers with AMI, CHF, and pneumonia.
Amount Awarded $99,981.00
Awarded on: 3/26/2008
Time frame: 5/1/2008 - 10/31/2009
Grant Number: 64158