Disparities in the use of preventive services and in health outcomes between racial and ethnic minorities and the majority U.S. population are significant and well documented. Although numerous studies have been conducted that underscore the benefits and cost effectiveness of prevention broadly, few efforts have provided comparative data on the relative contributions to health made by clinical preventive services. Moreover, as the evidence base for preventive services evolves, little guidance exists about how to prioritize, coordinate and target efforts to address effectively specific health disparities. The purpose of this project is to collect, summarize and evaluate information for sub-populations for the purpose of producing the first in a series of reports on the health and economic impact of disparities in the use of preventive services. These reports will raise awareness and stimulate debate among the public and public policy-makers about how to reduce disparities among racial and ethnic groups and provide for the first time separate rankings of clinical priorities for a number of underserved populations (e.g., African Americans, Hispanics, and other low-income groups). Project deliverables include: (1) priority rankings of clinical preventive services for traditionally underserved populations to assist decision-makers in assessing which preventive services to emphasize in health care quality improvement efforts undertaken to address disparities, (2) formal "disparities reports" that identify the highest priority for prevention services for these defined populations, and (3) comparable information about the relative cost and effectiveness of preventive services as well as updates to original rankings. The specific preventive services to be reviewed and ranked include those critical to the prevention and management of the three chronic conditions that are the focus of the Foundation's disparities efforts ( i.e., cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and depression).
Amount Awarded $184,605.00
Awarded on: 9/7/2006
Time frame: 9/1/2006 - 8/31/2008
Grant Number: 56019