Evaluating how perceived availability and knowledge of commercial sources of tobacco contribute to tobacco use

The Foundation's Substance Abuse Policy Research Program was designed to provide support for investigators to conduct policy research on a variety of subjects directed at helping the country reduce the harm caused by substance abuse.Demand for tobacco products generally decreases when the cost increases. However, the effect of increasing the nonmonetary difficulty associated with obtaining cigarettes on smoking patterns is not well known, and very few studies have evaluated the effect of perceived availability on smoking behavior. The primary goal of this research is to determine if perceived availability or merchant noncompliance are risk factors for susceptibility to smoking, the initiation of smoking or the progression to daily smoking. This research will also examine whether gender, race/ethnicity, knowledge of commercial sources and smoking by parents, siblings and peers influence perceptions of availability of tobacco. Lastly, this research will examine whether community merchant compliance rates and gender and race/ethnicity influence youth knowledge of commercial sources. Data from the second Development and Assessment of Nicotine Dependence in Youth (DANDY) study, a longitudinal prospective convenience sample of 1,237 subjects aged 11 to 14 years, will be analyzed. This project is a partnership grant to the Substance Abuse Policy Research Program grant led by Joseph DiFranza titled, Have Improved Compliance Rates Contributed to the Reduction in Teen Tobacco Use? The results of this research will help shed light on how policies that have impacted commercial access to tobacco work within the context of other risk factors, such as potential social sources of tobacco.

Grant Details

Amount Awarded $35,000.00

Awarded on: 5/25/2006

Time frame: 6/1/2006 - 5/31/2007

Grant Number: 57704


University of Massachusetts Medical School Worcester

55 Lake Avenue North
Worcester, 01655-0002


Chyke A. Doubeni
Project Director