Creating a community preventive services guide to promising school-based interventions to prevent childhood obesity
Approximately 95 percent of children in the U.S. attend school. Most consume one or two meals a day at school, as well as snacks and beverages. A national survey in 2000 documented that 98 percent of high schools, 74 percent of middle schools, and 43 percent of elementary schools had vending machines or snack bars where unhealthy snacks and beverages were sold. Many schools no longer offer recess or daily physical education. The Task Force on Community Preventive Services conducted a systematic review to determine whether there was evidence that school-based interventions can have an impact on preventing childhood obesity, based on published literature prior to 2001. The Task Force concluded that there was insufficient evidence. David Katz, M.D., at the Yale Prevention Research Center, is undertaking an extension of that review to include the published literature after 2001. In addition, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is proposing an additional process for this and several of the other community guides. This process will include a review of the gray literature, identification of promising programs for which the evidence is not definitive, and dissemination of comprehensive reports that include the guide and the review of promising programs. This grant supports the review of the gray literature, identification of promising programs, and development of the comprehensive report. The deliverable will be a comprehensive report that includes the updated guide, as well as the report on promising school-based interventions. This project will be a success if the report is useful in improving understanding about the efficiency of school-based interventions.
Amount Awarded $50,000.00
Awarded on: 12/13/2004
Time frame: 12/15/2004 - 5/31/2006
Grant Number: 52221