Expert Testimony

Nancy Andrews

Nancy O. Andrews

@AndrewsNancy @Liifund

Nancy O. Andrews is the president and CEO of the Low Income Investment Fund (LIIF), a $700 million Community Development Financial Institution.  LIIF has invested $1.3 billion in community projects, serving over 1 million people. LIIF's investments have leveraged $6.6 billion in private capital for distressed communities, generating over $22 billion in social benefits. Andrews' 30-year career includes work with the Ford Foundation, the Community Development Financial Institutions Fund within the Department of the Treasury and the Department of Housing and Urban Development. Her most recent book, jointly edited with David Erickson, is titled Investing in What Works for America's Communities: Essays on People, Place, and Purpose. It is available at:

Raymond Baxter

Raymond J. Baxter, PhD


Raymond J. Baxter, PhD, is Kaiser Permanente’s senior vice president for Community Benefit, Research and Health Policy. As a member of Kaiser Permanente’s National Executive Team, Baxter leads the organization’s activities to fulfill its social mission, including care and coverage for low-income people, community health initiatives, health equity, environmental stewardship and support for community-based organizations. He also leads Kaiser Permanente’s work in research, health policy and diversity, and serves as president of Kaiser Permanente International.

Baxter has more than 30 years of experience managing public health, hospital, long-term care and mental health programs, including heading the San Francisco Department of Public Health and the New York City Health and Hospitals Corporation. He also led The Lewin Group, a noted health policy firm. He holds a doctorate from the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University.

David Erickson

David Erickson, PhD

@DEricksonSF @SFFedReserve

David J. Erickson is director of the Center for Community Development Investments at the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco and edits the Federal Reserve journal Community Development Investment Review. His research areas in the Community Development Department of the Federal Reserve include community development finance, affordable housing, economic development, and institutional changes that benefit low-income communities. Erickson has a PhD in history from the University of California, Berkeley, with a focus on economic history and public policy. He also holds a master's degree in public policy from Berkeley and an undergraduate degree from Dartmouth College.  He has also been a leader in the collaboration between the Federal Reserve and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation on bringing health together with community development.  To date, this collaboration has resulted in 15 conferences around the country and numerous publications, including a cluster of articles in Health Affairs in November, 2011.  His book on the history of community development, The Housing Policy Revolution:  Networks and Neighborhoods, was published in 2009 by the Urban Institute Press.  He also co-edited Investing in What Works for America's Communities:  Essays on People, Place, and Purpose. It is available at:

Jack Shonkoff

Jack P. Shonkoff, MD


Jack P. Shonkoff, MD, is the Julius B. Richmond FAMRI Professor of Child Health and Development at the Harvard School of Public Health and the Harvard Graduate School of Education; professor of pediatrics at Harvard Medical School and Boston Children's Hospital; and director of the university-wide Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University. He currently serves as chair of the National Scientific Council on the Developing Child, a multi-university collaboration comprising leading scholars in neuroscience, psychology, pediatrics, and economics, whose mission is to bring credible science to bear on public policy affecting young children. In 2011, Shonkoff launched Frontiers of Innovation, a multi-sector collaboration among researchers, practitioners, policymakers, investors, and experts in systems change who are committed to developing more effective intervention strategies to catalyze breakthrough impacts on the development and health of young children and families experiencing significant adversity.

Under the auspices of the National Academy of Sciences, Shonkoff served as chair of the Board on Children, Youth, and Families and chaired a blue-ribbon committee that produced the landmark report, From Neurons to Neighborhoods: The Science of Early Childhood Development.

RWJF Leadership

Risa preferred headshot

Risa Lavizzo-Mourey, MD, MBA


Risa Lavizzo-Mourey, MD, MBA, is president and CEO of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, a position she has held since 2003. The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation is the nation's largest philanthropy dedicated solely to health and health care.

With more than 30 years of personal experience as a medical practitioner, policy-maker, professor and nonprofit executive, Lavizzo-Mourey combines the scientific and ethical values she learned as a doctor with an enduring conviction that meaningful philanthropy must achieve lasting social change. Under her leadership, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation has researched, evaluated, and implemented transformative programs tackling the nation's most pressing health issues, with the goal of creating a national culture of health.

Read Risa's full bio

Commissioners & Commission Staff

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Katherine Baicker, PhD


Katherine Baicker, PhD, is professor of health economics in the Department of Health Policy and Management at the Harvard School of Public Health. She is a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research and an elected member of the Institute of Medicine. From 2005 to 2007, Baicker served as a member of the President’s Council of Economic Advisers, where she played a leading role in the development of health policy. She currently serves on the editorial boards of Health Affairs, the Journal of Health Economics, and the Journal of Economic Perspectives; as a director of Eli Lilly; as chair of the board of directors of AcademyHealth; on the Congressional Budget Office’s Panel of Health Advisers; and as a commissioner on the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission. She received her bachelor’s degree in economics from Yale and a doctorate in philosophy in economics from Harvard.

Angela Glover Blackwell

Angela Glover Blackwell


Angela Glover Blackwell, is chief executive officer of PolicyLink, which she founded in 1999 with a mission of advancing economic and social equity. Under Blackwell’s leadership, PolicyLink has become a leading voice in the movement to use public policy to improve access and opportunity for all low-income people and communities of color, particularly in the areas of health, housing, transportation, education, and infrastructure. Previously, Blackwell served as senior vice president at the Rockefeller Foundation, where she oversaw the foundation’s Domestic and Cultural divisions. As a leading voice in the movement for equity in America, Blackwell is a frequent commentator for some of the nation’s top news organizations, including The Washington Post, Salon, and The Huffington Post. Blackwell is the co-author of the recently published Uncommon Common Ground: Race and America’s Future (W.W. Norton & Co., 2010). Blackwell earned a bachelor’s degree from Howard University, and a law degree from the University of California at Berkeley.

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Sheila P. Burke

Sheila P. Burke is a faculty research fellow at the Malcolm Wiener Center for Social Policy and a member of the faculty at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. She is also a senior public policy advisor at Baker, Donelson, Bearman, Caldwell & Berkowitz. She is a distinguished visitor at the O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, Georgetown University Law Center, and a research professor at Georgetown University's Public Policy Institute. From 1996 to 2000, she was executive dean and lecturer in public policy at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. Burke was chief of staff to Senator Bob Dole from 1986 to 1996, when he was Senate minority leader and later Senate majority leader. In 1995, she was elected as secretary of the Senate, the chief administrative officer of the U.S. Senate. She earned a master's degree in public administration from Harvard University in 1982 and a bachelor's degree in nursing from the University of San Francisco in 1973.

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Mitchell Daniels

Mitchell E. Daniels, Jr., is the 12th president of Purdue University, a post he assumed in January 2013, at the conclusion of his term as governor of the state of Indiana. Daniels was elected Indiana’s 49th governor in 2004 and was re-elected in 2008. As governor, Daniels spearheaded a host of reforms aimed at strengthening Indiana’s economy and at improving the ethical standards, fiscal condition, and performance of state government. He led the state to its first balanced budget in eight years and, without a tax increase, transformed the nearly $800 million deficit he inherited into an annual surplus of $370 million within a year. Daniels' innovations include the Healthy Indiana Plan, enacted in 2007 to provide health care coverage for uninsured adults. In May 2012, the Manhattan Institute presented him with its Alexander Hamilton Award for his achievements in state government, including health care improvements, landmark education reforms, and fiscal responsibility. He served as chief executive officer of the Hudson Institute and president of Eli Lilly and Company's North American Pharmaceutical Operations. Daniels earned a bachelor's degree from the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton in 1971 and his law degree from Georgetown in 1979.

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Kati Haycock


Kati Haycock, President of The Education Trust, is one of the nation's leading advocates in the field of education. She currently serves as president of The Education Trust, which works to close the gaps in opportunity and achievement that consign too many low-income students and students of color to lives on the margins of the American mainstream.  Before coming to The Education Trust, Haycock served as executive vice president of the Children's Defense Fund, the nation's largest child advocacy organization.  She received a Bachelor's Degree in Political Science from the University of California, Santa Barbara and a Master's Degree in Education Policy from the University of California, Berkeley.

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Shirley Franklin


Shirley Franklin became the first African American woman mayor of a major Southern city when she was elected mayor of Atlanta in 2002, serving two terms until 2009. During her eight years, the city experienced unprecedented growth and afforded Franklin the opportunity to collaborate with many local and regional leaders in addressing urban policy challenges, including urban planning, economic development, and infrastructure. She is best known for advocating for and tackling major government operations and ethics reform and developing successful business and public sector partnerships and alliances. She currently serves as the chairman of the board of directors and chief executive officer of Purpose Built Communities and president of Clarke-Franklin and Associates, Inc. She recently joined the faculty of the Lyndon Baines Johnson School of Public Affairs at the University of Texas as a visiting professor.

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Mark McClellan, MD, PhD, Commission Co-Chair


Mark McClellan, MD, PhD, is senior fellow and director of the Health Care Innovation and Value Initiative at the Brookings Institution. Within Brookings, his work focuses on promoting quality and value in patient centered health care. A doctor and economist by training, he also has a distinguished record in public service and in academic research. McClellan is a former administrator of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) and former commissioner of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), where he developed and implemented major reforms in health policy. These include the Medicare prescription drug benefit, FDA's Critical Path Initiative, and public-private initiatives to develop better information on the quality and cost of care. McClellan chairs the Reagan-Udall Foundation, is co-chair of the Quality Alliance Steering Committee, sits on the National Quality Forum's board of directors, is a member of the Institute of Medicine, and is a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research. He previously served as a member of the President's Council of Economic Advisers and senior director for health care policy at the White House. He was an associate professor of economics and medicine at Stanford University.

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Eileen Lindner

The Rev. Dr. Eileen W. Lindner is senior pastor, Presbyterian Church at Tenafly, and a Presbyterian minister of word and sacrament. In addition to serving in the parish ministry, she was an overseas mission associate for the Presbyterian Church USA in Egypt and Lebanon, where she was assigned to the Middle East Council of Churches. For many years, she was deputy general secretary of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States, where her duties included child advocacy, research studies, and planning. She continues to provide staff leadership to the National Council of Church’s Health Task Force.  A graduate of Waynesburg College in Pennsylvania, she holds master’s degrees in counseling psychology from Aurora University and theology from McCormick Theological Seminary, and a doctorate in philosophy from Union Theological Seminary in New York.

Rebecca Onie photo from Everyday Heroes

Rebecca Onie


Rebecca Onie co-founded Health Leads (formerly Project HEALTH) in 1996 as a sophomore at Harvard College, along with Barry Zuckerman, MD, at Boston Medical Center. From 1997 to 2000, Onie served as executive director of Health Leads. At Harvard Law School, she was an editor of the Harvard Law Review and continued as co-chair of the Health Leads board of directors. In 2006, she returned as chief executive officer of Health Leads. In 2010, O, The Oprah Magazine, named her to its “power list” of 20 women who are “changing the world for the better.” Most recently, she was selected for the Gleitsman Citizen Activist Award, which recognizes individuals whose efforts have improved the quality of life in their communities. Onie has also been named a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Young Leader, which recognizes leadership for a healthier America.

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Kyu Rhee, MD, MPP


Kyu Rhee, MD, MPP, serves as the vice president of Integrated Health Services at IBM, where he has direct global responsibilities for health, safety, medical, and health benefits design and strategy services.  Prior to joining IBM, Rhee was chief public health officer at the Health Resources and Services Administration. He also served as the director of the Office of Innovation and Program Coordination at the National Institutes of Health, where he led numerous initiatives related to health disparities, innovation, and partnerships. He was also chief medical officer of Baltimore Medical System, Inc., and served five years as a National Health Service Corps scholar and medical director at Upper Cardozo Health Center, the largest community health center in Washington, D.C.  Rhee received his medical degree from the University of Southern California. He also holds a master’s degree in public policy from the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, with a concentration in health care policy.

Dennis Rivera

Dennis Rivera


Dennis Rivera is senior advisor to the president of SEIU, the largest labor union in the United States representing more than 2.2 million members. He is also secretary of the Partnership for Quality Care (PQC) a national joint labor-management coalition committed to ensuring quality, affordable healthcare for all Americans. From 2007-2010, Rivera chaired SEIU Healthcare. He served as president of New York-based 1199SEIU United Healthcare Workers East from 1989 to 2007. Born in Aibonito, Puerto Rico, Rivera attended the Colegio Universitario de Cayey.

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Alice M. Rivlin, PhD, Commission Co-chair


Alice M. Rivlin, PhD, is the director of the Engelberg Center for Health Care Reform, the Leonard D. Schaeffer Chair in Health Policy Studies and a senior fellow in Economic Studies at the Brookings Institution. She is also a visiting professor at the Public Policy Institute of Georgetown University. In 2010 President Obama appointed Rivlin to the Simpson-Bowles Commission on the federal budget. She also co-chaired, with former Senator Pete Domenici, the Bipartisan Policy Center’s Debt Reduction Task Force. An expert on fiscal and monetary policy, social policy, and urban issues, Rivlin served as the vice chair of the Federal Reserve Board from 1996 to 1999. She was director of the White House Office of Management and Budget from 1994 to 1996, helping to transform a large budget deficit into substantial surpluses by the end of the decade. She founded the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) in 1975 and served as its director until 1983, creating an independent agency that continues to provide high-quality, nonpartisan analysis to Congress as it works on spending and revenue legislation. Rivlin is the author of numerous books and articles, among them Systematic Thinking for Social Action and Restoring the American Dream. In 2008, Rivlin received the inaugural Daniel Patrick Moynihan Prize from The AAPSS. Rivlin has received a MacArthur Foundation Prize Fellowship, and has taught at Harvard, George Mason, and New School Universities.

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Marla Salmon, ScD, RN

Marla Salmon, ScD, RN, is professor of nursing and public/global health and a senior visiting fellow at the Evans School of Public Affairs at the University of Washington. She is dean emeritus of the nursing schools at both the University of Washington and Emory University. Her scholarship focuses on domestic and global health policy and workforce capacity-building. Salmon previously served as director of the Division of Nursing, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; chair of the National Advisory Committee for Nursing Education and Practice; member of the Clinton Administration’s White House Taskforce on Healthcare Reform; member of the U.S. Delegation to the World Health Organization; and chair of the Global Advisor Group for Nursing and Midwifery for the World Health Organization. Salmon is a trustee emeritus for the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

Carole Simpson

Carole Simpson


Carole Simpson currently serves as senior leader in residence and journalism professor in the School of Communication at Emerson College in Boston. She is best known as anchor of the weekend editions of ABC’s World News Tonight for 15 years, and the first woman and minority to moderate a presidential debate, in 1992. But she was also the first African American woman to broadcast news in her home town of Chicago, the first to anchor a local newscast, the first to become a national network correspondent, and the first to anchor a major network newscast. As a national correspondent for NBC News and later ABC News, she won three Emmys, a Peabody award, a DuPont Columbia Journalism award, and 14 honorary degrees. She has received more than 100 awards for television news reporting, as well as for her contributions to young women and minority journalists and to her profession.

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Reed Tuckson, MD


Reed Tuckson, MD, is managing director of Tuckson Health Connections, LLC, a health and medical care consulting business that brings people and ideas together to promote optimal health outcomes.  He recently retired as executive vice president and chief of medical affairs at UnitedHealth Group. As the senior clinician of UnitedHealth Group, Tuckson was responsible for working with the company’s diverse business units to improve the quality and efficiency of the health services it provides to its 75 million members worldwide. Prior to that, Tuckson’s career includes leadership positions as Senior Vice President for Professional Standards of the American Medical Association (AMA); President of the Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science in Los Angeles; Senior Vice President for Programs of the March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation; and the Commissioner of Public Health for the District of Columbia.  Tuckson is a graduate of Howard University, Georgetown University School of Medicine, and the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania’s General Internal Medicine Residency and Fellowship Programs.

Anne Warhover

Anne Warhover


Anne Warhover is president and chief executive officer of the Colorado Health Foundation, one of the nation’s largest health-focused foundations. Since 2004, Warhover has been instrumental in working with the Foundation’s board on encouraging healthy living; increasing the number of Coloradans with health insurance; and ensuring that Coloradans have access to affordable, integrated primary care. The Foundation’s methodology includes an accountability model that ties measureable results to its grantmaking to ensure a healthy social return on investment. Previously, Warhover served as president and chief executive officer of the Downtown Denver Partnership. She received her bachelor’s degree from the University of Colorado.

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David R. Williams, PhD, Commission Staff Director


David R. Williams, PhD, is the Norman Professor of Public Health at the Harvard School of Public Health and professor of African and African American studies at Harvard University. The author of more than 300 scientific papers, his research has focused on the ways in which socioeconomic status, race, racism, stress, and religious involvement can affect health. Williams has served as staff director of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Commission to Build a Healthier America since 2008, guiding and coordinating its research, policy, and communications activities, and working closely with Commissioners. He also served as a key scientific advisor to the award-winning PBS film series, Unnatural Causes: Is Inequality Making Us Sick? He is an elected member of the Institute of Medicine and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He holds a master's degree in public health from Loma Linda University and a PhD in sociology from the University of Michigan.