Public Health News Roundup: July 8
Adults with Mobility Issues Have Higher Rates of Obesity, Chronic Illness
Adults with a disability that causes mobility issues are more likely to be obese or suffer from a chronic illness, according to a new study in the American Journal of Preventative Medicine. The chronic illnesses include those commonly linked to overall health and exercise, such as diabetes, hypertension and high cholesterol. They are also twice as likely to take medication for hypertension and lipid-lowering medicine. Researchers say the findings demonstrate the need for health care providers to emphasize lifestyle changes and exercise over just medication. “Health care providers face a challenge when it comes to helping their patients with a disability manage their weight when exercise and physical activity play such an important role in weight management,” said Katherine Froehlich-Grobe, PhD, lead author of the paper and associate professor of health promotion and behavioral science at The UT School of Public Health Dallas Regional Campus. “People with disabilities are underserved by national efforts aiming at reducing and preventing obesity. We must focus on managing and reducing weight for individuals with a disability.” About 54 million Americans have a disability. Read more on obesity.
Study: One in Four Injured Youth in ER Visits Had a Gun
In a study of emergency room treatments for assault injuries in teenagers and young adults in Michigan, approximately one in four of the injured reported owning or carrying a gun. The study appeared in the journal Pediatrics. Researchers found that most were obtained illegally, and while “well-off young men” were most likely to have a gun, the rate did not vary by race. According to a 2003 study, the rate of gun homicides for Americans 15 to 24 years old were about 40 times higher than the rates in comparable nations. While it recommends against guns in the home, the American Academy of Pediatrics says gun-owning families with children should keep guns locked and separate from ammunition. Lead researcher Patrick Carter, MD, from the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, said more programs need to be developed to prevent future gun violence, but in the mean time communities with high rates of violence need to place more emphasis on safety and responsibility when it comes to discussing guns with youth and young adults. "I would say to parents, talk to your kids about firearms and the dangers associated with firearms and try to look at ways to prevent kids from getting involved in both substance use and violence," he said. Read more on violence.
Even With Same Care, Black Blood Cancer Patients Have Worse Outcomes than White Patients
Even when they receive the same type and level of care, black Americans with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) do not live as long as white Americans with the same blood cancer, according to a new study in the journal Cancer. While black patients generally saw a shorter time between diagnosis and referral, they also had more advanced CLL at the time of referral and their cancers progressed more quickly. The researchers from the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center in Houston and Duke University Medical Center in Durham, N.C., said that biological factors may account for the different survival rates. Research consistently shows that minority patients tend to have worse cancer outcomes than white patients; poverty and access to care have also been identified as potential factors. Read more on health disparities.