Public Health News Roundup: April 8
Smaller, Frequent Meals Help Kids Keep Weight Off
Smaller, more frequent meals can help kids ward of overeating and obesity, according to several new studies in the journal Pediatrics. One study found that simply using smaller dishware—thus forcing smaller portions—meant kids ate less; they found that adult-sized dishware led first-graders to take 90 calories more of food. Researchers also found kids who ate more often were 22 less likely to be overweight. "The results are very interesting and confirm our expectations that the impact of plate size on adults in the laboratory also apply to children," said Thomas Robinson, MD, a childhood obesity researcher at Stanford University, according to Reuters. "This study provides very important preliminary evidence that using smaller dishware may help reduce children's energy intakes." Read more on obesity.
Low-calorie Drinks Increasingly Popular for Kids
While sugary drinks remain popular, low-calories drinks are also gaining more and more consumers, according to a new study in the journal Pediatric Obesity. Researchers at the University of North Caroline (UNC) found both that consumption of calories from sweetened drinks was down and consumer of low-calorie drinks was up over a 10-year period. The findings were especially significant for kids. "The food industry is trying many ways to reduce the caloric content of foods and beverages," said Barry M. Popkin, PhD, W.R. Kenan Jr. Distinguished Professor of Nutrition at UNC's Gillings School of Global Public Health. "We are increasingly seeing them replace caloric sweeteners with low-calorie sweeteners. This trend has particularly emerged in the last three to four years as U.S. concern about obesity, diabetes and other complications of consuming excessive sugary high-calorie beverages has increased." Read more on nutrition.
Missed, Delayed Mammograms Increase Death Risk for Older Women
Older women with misses or delayed mammograms are significantly more likely to die from breast cancer, according to new research to be presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research. Researchers found “that 23 percent of women who had their last mammogram five or more years before being diagnosed with breast cancer had advanced cancer, compared with 20 percent of those who had a mammogram six months to a year before their diagnosis,” according to HealthDay. Increased time between mammograms also significantly increased the risk of death from cancer for women age 75 and older. Researchers said more study is needed to examine the connection. "It is possible that the differences in the relationship between screening interval and [death] in older versus younger women may be related to the more aggressive nature of the tumors in younger women, which might obliterate the effects of more screening,” said Michael Simon, MD, leader of the breast multidisciplinary team at the Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute in Detroit. “Other reasons may include differences in cancer treatment, information that was not available for this [group] of women.” Read more on cancer.