Public Health News Roundup: April 25
Study: Single Can of Sugary Soda Can Increase Diabetes Risk 22 Percent
Drinking even a single 12-ounce can of sugary soda once a day can up the risk of diabetes by 22 percent, according to a new study out of Imperial College London. Researchers looked at the data of approximately 350,000 European residents. "Given the increase in sweet beverage consumption in Europe, clear messages on the unhealthy effect of these drinks should be given to the population," said study leader Dora Romaguera, according to Reuters. Previous studies have also shown a link between sugary drinks and increased risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes, which affects approximately 310 million people, according to the World Health Organization. Read more on diabetes.
Teen Years in the ‘Stroke Belt’ Ups Risk of Stroke Later in Life
Growing up as a teenager in the U.S. “stroke belt”—an area in the country’s southeast—can increase the risk of stroke later in life by as much as 17 percent, according to a new study in the journal Neurology. Risk factors including high blood pressure and diabetes are only partially responsible for the increase risk. "Many social and behavioral risk factors, such as smoking, are set in place during the teenage years, and teens are more exposed to external influences and gain the knowledge to challenge or reaffirm their childhood habits and lifestyle," said study author Virginia Howard, with the School of Public Health at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, in a release. Across all age groups the risk was double for black Americans when compared to white Americans. Researchers were careful to note that the findings do not demonstration causation. Read more on strokes.
Poultry Probably Source of China’s New Bird Flu Strain
Researchers believe that poultry-to-human transmission from “wet” markets is likely responsible for the new H7N9 bird flu strain that has killed 22 people in China and infected more than 100. Wet markets sell and immediately slaughter poultry. So far the strain does not seem to pass easily between people, so the researchers feel relatively confident that closing the markets and slaughtering the birds will control the outbreak. “Overall, the evidence, in terms of epidemiology and virology, suggests that it is a pure poultry to human transmission, and that controlling [the epidemic in humans] will therefore depend on controlling the epidemic in poultry,” said Kwok-Yung Yuen of the University of Hong Kong, according to MSNBC. The findings were published in the journal Lancet. Read more on infectious disease.