Public Health News Roundup: April 17
CDC: Cutting Smoking in Subsidized Housing Would Save $521M Annually
Eliminating the ability to smoke in U.S. subsidized housing would save approximately $521 million each year in health care, renovation and fire-related costs, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). This includes public housing and rental assistance programs. Secondhand smoke can be especially problematic in multi-unit buildings with at-risk populations and smoking in common rooms. "Many of the more than 7 million Americans living in subsidized housing in the United States are children, the elderly or disabled," said Tim McAfee, MD, MPH, director of the Office on Smoking and Health at CDC. "These are people who are most sensitive to being exposed to secondhand smoke. This report shows that there are substantial financial benefits to implementing smoke-free policies, in addition to the health benefits those policies bring." Read more on tobacco.
HHS Campaign to Promote Breastfeeding by African American Mothers
The new It’s Only Natural public education campaign from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services will work to raise awareness of the importance of breastfeeding among African American women, according to Surgeon General Regina M. Benjamin, MD, MBA. “One of the most highly effective preventive measures a mother can take to protect the health of her infant and herself is to breastfeed,” she said in a release. “By raising awareness, the success rate among mothers who want to breastfeed can be greatly improved through active support from their families, their friends and the community.” While overall 80 percent of U.S. women start out breastfeeding, that number is only 55 percent for African American women. The new campaign provides material specifically targeting African American women and giving them the information and encouragement they need to start and continue breastfeeding. Read more on maternal and health disparities.
U.S. Infant Mortality Rates Down; More Improvement Still Needed
Improvements in prenatal care and a reduction in elective deliveries helped cut the U.S. infant mortality rate by 12 percent from 2005 to 2011, according to a new study in the NCHS Data Brief. The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) said the rate was down to 6.05 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2011 from 6.87 in 2005. The rate of death from SIDS also dropped 20 percent over the period. Still, study author Marian MacDorman, PhD, an NCHS statistician, said more work is needed, noting that “preterm birth rates are much higher than in other countries, and the same is true with infant mortality" and that "[i]nfant mortality among blacks is about twice what it is for white women,” according to HealthDay. Jeffrey Biehler, MD, a pediatrician at Miami Children's Hospital, said that we "need to continue to advocate for prenatal care for every woman, and make sure they are educated so they know to seek care as early as possible and avoid smoking and alcohol and other things that put them and their babies at risk.” Read more on maternal and infant health.