Public Health News Roundup: April 9
A new study by researchers at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences Fay W. Boozman College of Public Health finds that lower income cigarette smokers have a more difficult time stopping smoking than those from higher socioeconomic backgrounds. The study used data from Arkansas smokers treated by some of the statewide services in Arkansas from 2005-2008 and followed the smokers for six months after treatment.
The researchers found that the poorest smokers were about 55 percent more likely than higher income smokers to begin smoking again three months after treatment, and six months after treatment, the poorest smokers were two and a half times more likely to be smoking. The researchers say higher stress levels may be behind the return to smoking which may not have been adequately dealt with during treatment. In addition, the poorest smokers were the least likely to be protected by smoke-free policies in the home. Get more tobacco news.
A new study published in the Journal of Physical Activity and Health finds that an innovative strategy for helping people achieve recommended levels of daily physical activity is dog walking. Compared with owners who walked their dogs, those who did not own or walk their dog reported less physical activity and a higher BMI. After adjusting for age and moderate to high physical activity, those who did not own dogs had significantly greater odds of self-reported diabetes, high cholesterol and depression, compared with study participants who regularly walked their dogs. Read more physical activity news.
Rapid treatment with asthma drugs helps reduce hospitalizations among children with asthma according to a new study in the Annals of Emergency Medicine. Researchers analyzed data from 406 children and found that those with moderate or severe asthma attacks who received systemic corticosteroids within 75 minutes of arriving at a hospital emergency department were 16 percent less likely to be admitted to the hospital. Read the latest on asthma prevention and effective treatment.