Public Health News Roundup: December 2
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services will provide about $50 million in new funding to support AIDS Drug Assistance Programs (ADAPs) in states and increase access to HIV/AIDS care services. ADAPs have had critical funding shortages for several years. Read more on HIV.
An appeals court ruled yesterday that bone marrow donors whose marrow is taken from their bloodstream may be compensated for the donation. Compensation for organ donations is a felony offense in the U.S. but the court ruled that because the bone marrow extraction process has changed in recent years—from an actual extraction of marrow to securing the marrow through stem cells in circulating blood—donating marrow is those cases is no longer an organ donation. Compensation could be about $3,000 per donor in the form of a scholarship, housing payment or gift to charity, and will likely increase the number of marrow donors.
A new study in the journal Demography studied about 600 sets of identical and fraternal twins and found that adult identical twins—who share the same genes—are much more likely to stop smoking at the same time compared with fraternal twins, who don’t have the same gene structure. During the two-year study, 65 percent of the identical twins quit smoking; among the fraternal twins, the quit rate was 55 percent, which the researchers say suggests there’s a genetic component in their smoking habits, and may require different cessation techniques, such as customization of drug doses or combinations of cessation techniques. Read more tobacco news.