Category Archives: Military
The government of Australia has enacted the world’s first law requiring that all cigarettes be sold in plain packaging, free of colorful logos and other branding. Instead, cigarettes will be sold in olive green cartons with graphic images warning of the consequences of smoking. The Australian Senate approved the bill, and the House is expected to quickly agree to minor changes made by the Senate. Get more tobacco news.
In 2009, nearly 15,000 American women and men ended up in an emergency room after being intentionally drugged by someone else, according to a first-of-a-kind national report from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Association (SAMHSA). The majority of those visits (63 percent) were by females, and alcohol was a factor in 60 percent of all visits. “The danger of being tricked into ingesting an unknown substance is all too real at bars, raves, parties or concerts where alcohol and other substances are shared in a social manner,” said SAMHSA Administrator Pamela Hyde, in a news release. Read our Q&A with Pamela Hyde about mental health and substance abuse as preventable issues.
In counseling youth on skin cancer prevention, a focus on how too much sun exposure can affect their looks now and later in life can be more effective than warning them of risk for skin cancer, according to draft recommendations from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. The recommendations are for youth ages 10 to 24 with fair skin. The task force found the most success among late-adolescent females, the population most likely to pursue indoor tanning.
U.S. Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood announced the availability of $34.6 million for 55 projects in 32 states and Guam to enhance access to local, affordable transportation services for military families and wounded warriors. Read more on health in the military and the connection between transportation and health.
The recent first-ever Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report on mental health issues in America, found that half of all Americans have a mental health issue at some point in their lives. Pamela Hyde, JD, Administrator of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration (SAMHSA) a keynote speaker at this year’s APHA annual meeting, focused on what public health can do to identify these issues and improve prevention, treatment and recovery. Watch her opening session speech here, and read an APHA Q&A with her here.
NewPublicHealth: Your keynote speech at the American Public Health Association annual meeting focused attention on the issues of mental health as a pivotal component of public health. What does the American public need to learn about these issues?
Pamela Hyde: Behavioral health is a major public health issue and we in America don’t tend to look at as a public health issue. We tend to look at it as a social problem. The recent mental health parity legislation, which generally requires that insurance coverage is identical for mental and physical health concerns, helps tremendously in the sense that it makes it very clear that mental health and substance abuse services are just as important as healthcare services and that they should be treated similarly.
We use the term behavioral health because we’re trying to encompass everything from prevention to treatment to recovery and we’re trying to encompass both mental illnesses as well as substance abuse and substance use disorders. Behavioral health is a public health issue, just like diabetes or heart problems or hypertension. There are ways to prevent it and there are ways to treat it and people recover from it.
NPH: What are some of SAMHSA’s biggest recent achievements?
A number of breaking research studies were released at the APHA Annual Meeting. Here is a round-up of some of the new research highlights:
Teen boys with at least one parent in the military are at increased risk of engaging in physical fights at school, carrying a weapon and joining a gang, according to a study from researchers at University of Washington’s School of Public Health, which looked at data from the 2008 Washington State Healthy Youth Survey of more than 10,000 adolescents in the 8th, 10th and 12th grades of public schools. The study also found that girls in 8th grade with at least one parent in the military were at twice the risk of carrying a weapon. In 2010, 1.98 million United States children had at least one parent serving in the military.
Minority immigrants are at higher risk of experiencing poor health outcomes the longer they stay in the U.S., according to an analysis of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data between 2007 and 2008, by researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Those who have lived in the U.S. for 20 years have a 98 percent greater chance of being obese and 68 percent greater odds of having hypertension compared with those in the country for less than 10 years.
Nearly all construction workers will experience one or more work-related injuries or illnesses over a lifetime plus a greater risk of premature death, according to research from the Center for Construction Research and Training. The study also found that a Hispanic construction worker has a 20 percent higher likelihood of dying from a work-related injury.
Researchers from the Yale Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity released a new study at APHA today, which found that beverage companies extensively market sugary drinks to youths, with a significant focus on minority youth. Companies are beginning to shift dollars from traditional media to online, interactive, and rewards-based marketing designed to appeal to youth.
Mental health assessments given to all soldiers after deployment may miss many cases of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder, according to a study published in the Archives of General Psychiatry. The standard assessments are not anonymous, but when researchers had returning soldiers complete the assessments anonymously, a larger number of soldiers met the criteria for depression and/or post-traumatic stress disorder and a higher number reported suicidal thoughts. Read more on military health.
A new Vital Signs report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that drunk driving incidents peaked in 2006, and decreased nearly one-third through 2010. However, the latest data shows that drunk drivers got behind the wheel about 112 million times in 2010, resulting in about 300,000 incidents a day. A different report found that distracted driving (driving while texting or talking on the phone) resulted in half a million injuries.
The death toll from an outbreak of listeria linked to tainted cantaloupes has risen to 18, and at least 100 people in 20 states have become ill from the bacteria, according to the CDC. The agency says that even though the cantaloupes implicated in the outbreak were recalled Sept. 14, more cases can still emerge because the bacteria has a long lag time between diagnosis and laboratory confirmation and because it can take up to two months from eating contaminated food to develop the infection. Read more on the latest outbreaks and infectious diseases.
Exposure to pollution caused by motor vehicle traffic may boost the risk of a heart attack in people already at risk, according to a new study in the British Medical Journal.
CDC is proposing new guidelines for organ transplants to help protect patients receiving transplants from infections. Major changes from the last update in 1994 would include hepatitis B and C screening in addition to the current HIV screening of donors, and a revised set of donor risk factors that can give clinicians a more thorough picture about possible risks associated with donors? organs.
A new study in the journal Pediatrics finds that parents like longer visits, but that shorter visits may be sufficient for the appropriate examinations and discussion. The study authors found that when time was limited, pediatricians were more likely to cover traditional topics, such as breastfeeding and immunization, and then widen the discussion as time allowed. Development assessment was conducted half the time in shorter visits, and 70 percent of the time in longer visits.
The Department of Veterans Affairs has launched a telephone service, Coaching into Care, to provide assistance to family members and friends trying to encourage a veteran to seek health care and mental support. The program offers unlimited, free coaching. Callers can reach the program at 1-888-823-7458, 8 a.m. - 8 p.m., Mondays through Fridays, and can find more information online.
A new study in the journal Cancer that looked at Black and White women in the military, found that despite having equal access to health care through military health insurance, black women with breast cancer were less likely than white women to receive certain aggressive treatments. Cultural decisions to forego very aggressive treatments may be one reason for the disparity, according to the researchers.
Variations in a particular gene may account for the high risk of asthma in African Americans according to a new study in the journal Nature Genetics.
The Food and Drug Administration has opened a public comment period on a recent Institute of Medicine report that sharply criticized the FDA’s approval process for some lower-risk medical devices, according to a news announcement. The IOM report recommended that the current approval process be scrapped and a new one developed. The FDA says some of the suggestions the IOM report are already underway.
The first field trial for a “lab on a chip” – a rapid, cheap HIV test – accurately detected both HIV and syphilis among a Rwandan population, researchers reported in Nature Medicine. This kind of test could offer a faster, cheaper and easier way to detect infectious diseases, according to the report.
The New England Journal of Medicine has some compelling though hardly surprising data about the obesity epidemic in the U.S. A study by Harvard researchers finds that the crisis is fueled by too little exercise and over-consumption of certain foods including sweetened beverages, potato chips and French fries.
A new study published in the journal Addiction suggests that there is no such thing as a safe BAC, and that driving after consuming even a small amount of alcohol — just one beer, for instance — is associated with incapacitating injury and death.
Mothers who smoked in pregnancy are more likely to have children with lower levels of HDL or “good” cholesterol, according to a new study in the European Heart Journal. The lower levels may increase the risk of having a heart attack later in life.
The Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry (ATSDR) is sending a health survey to more than 300,000 people who lived or worked at Camp Lejeune or Camp Pendleton in California before 1986. (Camp Pendleton was chosen for comparison purposes.) The agency is investigating diseases that may be associated with chemical exposures related to water at Camp Lejeune, a Marine base camp. The survey was mandated by Congress, and results are expected in early 2014.