Category Archives: Food Safety
Salmonella Deaths Linked to Cantaloupes
Two deaths and approximately 150 cases of salmonella have been linked to cantaloupe in Indiana, Kentucky and Minnesota. Health officials are encouraging consumers to immediately discard any melons purchased from those three states, according to Reuters. Salmonella can cause severe diarrhea, fever and abdominal pain. It is especially dangerous for children, the elderly and people with weakened immune systems. Read more on food safety.
Teens Who Expect Early Deaths More Likely to Take Dangerous Risks
Teens who predict they have a 50 percent or less chance of living to the age of 35 were more likely than they peers to engage in risk-taking behavior, according to a new study published in the August 1 issue of PLOS ONE. The study compared data collected on 19,000 adolescents in 1994-95 to data collected on the same group approximately 14 years later. Researchers also found the teens were more likely to attempt suicide and abuse alcohol and drugs. “The new research extends previous work by the same group that found expectations of premature death can predict future socioeconomic status” and demonstrates the value in early screening to help predict—and stop—later harmful behaviors, according to a news release. Read more on substance abuse.
Antimicrobial Products Identified in Minnesota Waterways
Chemicals found in personal care products—antimicrobial soaps, disinfectants and sanitizers—have been identified in high concentrations in bodies of freshwater in Minnesota. The study was conducted by Arizona State University researchers in conjunction with federal partners. They looked specifically for triclosan and triclocarban, two chemicals that can stay in the environment for decades. The study “shows natural degradation processes to be too slow to counter the continuous environmental release of these endocrine disrupting chemicals,” said Rolf Halden, director of Environmental Security at the Biodesign Institute and professor in the Ira A. Fulton School of Sustainable Engineering and the Built Environment. Read more on the environment.
NIH Will Test Vaginal Ring for HIV Prevention in Women
U.S. researchers announced at the 2012 International AIDS Conference yesterday that they will begin a multinational clinical trial this month to test the effectiveness and extended safety of a vaginal ring containing an experimental antiretroviral drug to prevent HIV infection in women. Results are expected in early 2015.
“Developing scientifically proven forms of HIV prevention that women can control is essential,” said Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. “Because the vaginal ring is a long-acting intervention, it has a potential added benefit in that women may find it relatively easy to use.”
Most women who acquire HIV do so through unprotected sex, according to the National Institutes of Health. Because many women cannot negotiate male condom use with their sexual partners, women need forms of HIV prevention that they can use independently and regularly. The clinical trial will be conducted in Malawi, South Africa, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Read more on AIDS.
Ground Beef, Strollers Recalled
Cargill Meat Solutions is recalling 29,339 pounds of fresh ground beef products that may be contaminated with Salmonella Enteritidis, according to the Department of Agriculture’s Food Safety and Inspection Service. Although the “use by date” has passed, the USDA is concerned that consumers may have packages of the meat, which is stamped EST. 9400, in their freezers. So far, 33 people in seven states have become ill. The states are Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island, Virginia and Vermont.
Baby stroller firm Peg-Perego is recalling more than 200,000 strollers sold between 2004 and 2007 because of a baby death caused by a Peg-Perego stroller eight years ago. A baby’s head and neck can become trapped between the stroller tray and the seat bottom. Read more on food safety.
Study: Tanning Beds Vastly Increase Skin Cancer Risk in Young People
Using a tanning bed increases the risk of skin cancer by 20 percent, according to a new study in the British Medical Journal. However, starting to use tanning beds before age 35 can raise that risk by 87 percent, according to the study. The results are based on an analysis of 27 studies published between 1981 and 2012 that looked at 11,000 cases of skin cancer. Read more on cancer.
Internal injuries have been reported following unintentional ingestion of wire grill-cleaning brush bristles, according an early release from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Bristles can dislodge from the grill brush and become embedded in cooked food. A series of six cases from a single hospital system were reported during July 2009–November 2010 was reported previously, and this report describes a series of six more cases identified at the same hospital system during March 2011–June 2012. The severity of injury ranged from puncture of the soft tissues of the neck, causing severe pain on swallowing, to perforation of the gastrointestinal tract requiring emergent surgery. Report authors recommend that people should examine the grill surface carefully for the presence of bristles before cooking. Read more on food safety.
The U.S. Department of Transportation and the Federal Aviation Administration have released advisories regarding transporting and using fireworks. Fireworks are not permitted in checked or carry on luggage and should never be lit in a car. Read more on July 4th safety.
A new study in Pediatrics suggests that even infants born at 37 or 38 weeks’ gestation (technically "at term," and not typically considered early) are at risk of developmental delays as well as other mental and physical health difficulties. Researchers looked at data on 128,000 babies born between 37 and 41 weeks’ gestation in New York City. Birth records were matched with public school records of standardized third-grade math and reading tests. Researchers found achievement scores for children born at 37 and 38 weeks were significantly lower than those of children born at 39, 40 or 41 weeks. Compared to children born at 41 weeks, children born at 37 weeks have a 23 percent increased risk of having a moderate reading impairment; children born at 38 weeks have a 13 percent increased risk. Math scores were also lower for children born at 37 or 38 weeks. Researchers say this study underscores the importance of prenatal care to ensure mothers carry their infants to term as long as possible. Read more on maternal and infant health.
David M. Murray, PhD, has been selected as the director of the Office of Disease Prevention of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
According to NIH, the Office of Disease Prevention (ODP) is the lead office in the agency responsible for assessing, facilitating and stimulating research on disease prevention and health promotion, and disseminating the results of this research to improve public health.
Dr. Murray is currently the chair and professor of the Division of Epidemiology in the College of Public Health at Ohio State University and has focused on the design and analysis of group-randomized trials in which identifiable social groups are randomized to conditions and members of those groups are observed to assess the effect of an intervention. He also conducts research to develop and test new methods for their analysis.
Dole Fresh Vegetables is voluntarily recalling 2,598 cases of bagged salad, due to a possible health risk from Listeria monocytogenes. The product being recalled is Dole Hearts of Romaine, with a use-by date of June 26. No illnesses have been reported in association with the recall. Read more on food safety.
A new study published in Pediatrics finds that physical punishment such as slapping, pushing and grabbing was associated with increased odds of mood disorders, anxiety disorders, alcohol and drug abuse/dependence, and several personality disorders after adjusting for sociodemographic variables and family history of dysfunction. The study team used data collected by United States Census interviewers in 2004 and 2005 in surveys of close to 35,000 adults across the country, and excluded anyone who reported being physically, sexually or emotionally abused by family members, to help isolate the effect of physical punishment that didn't escalate to the level of severe maltreatment. The researchers estimated that estimated between two and seven percent of mental disorders might be due to punishments inflicted in childhood. Read more on violence.
The food and beverages available to youth when they participate in organized sports can often be unhealthy, according to a new study released in the July/August 2012 issue of the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. The findings were based on focus group interviews with 60 parents of players participating in youth basketball programs. Common food in youth sport settings were sweets such as candy and doughnuts; pizza; hot dogs; and salty snacks such as chips and cheese puffs; as well as soda and sports drinks. The researchers recommend developing nutrition guidelines for sport leagues regarding the types of food and beverages that are appropriate for organized snacks and concession stands. Read more on nutrition.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) is reporting that cases of foodborne illnesses surge in the summer season, likely because bacteria multiply faster when it’s warm. Key stats from the USDA:
- Americans spend $400 million on beef alone for July 4th barbecues.
- USDA research shows that 1 out of every 4 hamburgers turns brown before it has reached a safe internal temperature.
- New FDA research done in collaboration with USDA shows that only 23 percent of Americans who own a food thermometer actually use it when grilling hamburgers
- 48 million Americans (at least 1 in 6) will get sick from foodborne illness this year, resulting in roughly 128,000 hospitalizations and 3,000 deaths
USDA also offers more resources on summer grilling and on the critical steps for food safety, as well as this handy infographic as a reminder to take steps like using separate plates for raw and cooked food when grilling:
Food safety isn't the only concern this holiday. This year, the National Safety Council estimates 17,300 serious injuries and 173 traffic deaths will occur between 6:00 p.m. Tuesday, July 3, and 11:59 p.m. Wednesday, July 4. The Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) is also posing some compelling July food for thought: "Would you let your kids handle a blowtorch?" According to the CPSC, sparklers burn at the same temperature as blowtorches: 2,000 degrees. In the month surrounding July 4th, 2010, the CPSC reports that 6,300 injuries were reported involving fireworks, including burns to the hands, face and head. Additional safety tips include:
- Steer clear of fireworks packaged in brown paper, as they may be professional-grade and not safe for home use.
- Never try to re-light or pick up fireworks that have not ignited fully.
- Never carry fireworks in a pocket.
The National Safety Council has additional July 4 tips on safe driving over the holiday, preventing drowning and safety hazards from hot weather.
The H1N1 flu epidemic that struck in 2009 killed may have killed 15 times more people than reported, according to a new study in Lancet Infectious Diseases. According to the study, during the pandemic 18,500 laboratory-confirmed deaths were reported to the World Health Organization from April 2009 through August 2010, but as many as 575,400 people may have actually died, according to a review of the epidemic by an international group of scientists. The study also found that the majority of deaths were in people under 65, although in seasonal flu those over 65 are more likely to die of the virus, and populations in low-income countries were particularly hard hit. Read more on flu.
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force has released new guidelines in the Annals of Internal Medicine recommending that doctors screen all of their patients for obesity and, if appropriate, refer them to a lifestyle-management program to help them lose weight. The task force report did not discuss weight loss drugs or bariatric surgery. Read more on obesity.
Young children with allergies to milk and egg experience reactions to these and other foods more often than researchers had expected, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health and published in Pediatrics. The study researchers also found that caregivers often fail to give epinephrine, which can be life saving, when a reaction occurs. Read more on children's health.
A new analysis by researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill finds that that mild or intense physical activity before or after menopause may reduce the risk of developing breast cancer. However, weight gain may negate the benefit of the exercise. The study was published in the journal Cancer.
The study included 1,504 women with breast cancer and 1,555 women without breast cancer who were between the ages of 20 and 98, and were part of the Long Island Breast Cancer Study Project, an investigation of possible environmental causes of breast cancer. Read more on cancer.
The Dole Company is recalling bagged salads from Kroger and Walmart stores in six states because of possible contamination with listeria. No illnesses have been reported so far. Read more on food safety.
Cancer cases are expected to increase 75 percent throughout the world by 2030, according to a new study published in Lancet Oncology. In the poorest nations, cancer cases could increase by 90 percent.
The study, which used 2008 data on 184 countries from the International Agency for Research on Cancer, finds that while cases of cervical and stomach cancer may be declining, other types of cancer including colorectal, breast and prostate cancer are increasing, likely because of lifestyle changes including higher fat diets and less exercise.
The researchers also say current smoking rates in poorer countries could mean higher lung cancer rates in the future. Read more on global health.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) will begin a zero-tolerance policy for six additional strains of E. coli in raw beef starting Monday June 4. FSIS will routinely test raw beef for the six additional strains. If contamination is found the beef cannot be sold, and distributed meat will be recalled.
The additional strains can cause severe illness and even death especially in young children, older adults and people who immune system is weakened. Read more on food safety.
Black and Latino children whose mothers smoked during pregnancy are more likely to suffer from acute asthma symptoms in their teens than asthma sufferers whose mothers did not smoke, according to a new study by researchers at the University of California at San Francisco. The study was published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.
The study looked at data on 2,500 Latino and Black children with asthma between the ages of 8 and 17 and found that if mothers smoked while pregnant, their children had about a 50 percent increase in uncontrolled asthma, even when other factors such as income and exposure to secondhand smoke were taken into account. "Kids who are 17 years old still show the effects of something they were exposed to during the first nine months of life," says Sam S. Oh, PhD, MPH, a postdoctoral scholar in epidemiology at the UCSF Center for Tobacco Research and Education, who is the lead author on the study. Read more asthma news.
The New York Times is reporting that New York City Mayor Bloomberg plans to ban sales of single serving sugared sodas larger than 16 ounces at restaurants, movie theatres and outdoor food carts. The ban could take effect next March.
Genetics can help determine whether a person is likely to quit smoking on his or her own or need medication to improve the chances of success, according to research published in the American Journal of Psychiatry. Researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health identified several nicotine receptor genes, which are known to contribute to nicotine dependence and heavy smoking.
A clinical trial showed that smokers with the high-risk genes were more likely to fail in their quit attempts compared to those with the low-risk genes when treated with placebo. Smokers with the highest risk had a three-fold increase in their odds of quitting at the end of treatment compared to placebo. “This study builds on our knowledge of genetic vulnerability to nicotine dependence, and will help us tailor smoking cessation strategies accordingly,” said Nora D. Volkow, MD, director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Read more tobacco news.
A new report from the National Academy of Sciences finds that the current academic focus of veterinary training on companion pets rather than farm animals is directing resources away from basic research, food production and public service. The report finds current training may be insufficient to protect and advance animal and human health, particularly in growing areas of concern such as food safety and infectious disease. Read more on food safety.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has expanded a bagged lettuce recall because of possible contamination with listeria bacteria, and recalled bagged spinach because of possible contamination with salmonella. No illnesses have been linked to either recall so far.
The FDA discovered the contaminated products during routine inspections.
Recent changes to the FDA’s product recall website may make it easier for people to find out whether they have bought or used a recalled product. Previously the information was available only in text form, but last month the agency created a table for each food recall it reports with information that includes the recall date, brand name, product description, the reason for the recall, the name of the company, and, perhaps most importantly, a photo of what the recalled package looks like. People may not remember a brand name but they can compare graphics and colors on a recalled package to what they have on pantry shelves or in the fridge.
The new chart won’t prevent food-borne disease outbreaks and other health problems linked to recalls from happening in the first place, of course, but may keep some people from getting sick or help people get medical treatment faster.
Pre-teens living in states that require vaccinations for incoming middle school students are more likely to be immunized than those in states that simply require parents to receive information about the vaccines, according to a study in Pediatrics.
Researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reviewed school entry requirements in all 50 states and the District of Columbia for the 2008-2009 school years and compared them to adolescent vaccination rates for three vaccines: TdaP, meningitis and HPV. Compared to states with no requirements, vaccination coverage was significantly higher for the meningitis (71 percent versus 53 percent) and TdaP (80 percent versus 70 percent) vaccines.
The Department of Transportation has announced a month-long web-based dialogue May 7 to June 8, to help facilitate discussion about local transportation needs, challenges and opportunities facing military veterans, wounded service people and military service members and their families. Military families, veterans and organizations that support them are invited to participate in the discussion to create options to improve access to transportation. Registered participants will be able to offer an idea, a comment or vote on ideas they see on the site. A public report will be issued after the dialogue period ends.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is reporting that at least sixteen people have been sickened by dry dog food made by Diamond Pet Foods that may be tainted by salmonella. Humans may have become infected by touching the food or a pet that ate the food. The company has recalled the products. CDC is advising that:
- Consumers should check their homes for recalled dog food products and discard them promptly. Contact Diamond Pet Foods for more information at (800) 442-0402 or www.diamondpetrecall.com.
- Follow tips listed on Salmonella from Dry Pet Food and Treats to help prevent an infection with Salmonella from handling dry pet food and treats.
- People who think they might have become ill after contact with dry pet food or with an animal that has eaten dry pet food should consult their health care providers. For sick animals, contact your veterinary-care providers.