Where the Docs Are: New Report Takes a State-by-State Look
The Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) has released its 2013 State Physician Workforce Data Book, a biennial report that examines current physician supply, medical school enrollment, and graduate medical education in the United States.
Between 2008 and 2012, there were small increases in the state median number of active physicians and active patient-care physicians, the state median percentage of female physicians, and the percentage of physicians age 60 or older. While the median number of students enrolled in undergraduate medial education has increased relative to the population, the number of students enrolled in graduate medical education per population has remained flat.
Among key findings, in 2012 there were 260.5 active physicians per 100,000 population in the United States, ranging from a high of 421.5 in Massachusetts to a low of 180.8 in Mississippi. The states with the highest number of physicians per 100,000 population are concentrated in the Northeast.
Massachusetts also ranked first for primary care physicians per 100,000 population, with a value of 131.9. Nationally, there were 90.1 primary care physicians per 100,000 population. At 63.4, Mississippi also had the lowest number of primary care physicians per 100,000 population.
In terms of gender diversity, more than one-third (38.4 percent) of active physicians in Massachusetts were female. Utah had the lowest percentage of female physicians (21.9). Nationally, 31.9 percent of active physicians were female.