Patient Expectations and Patient-Reported Outcomes in Surgery

A Systematic Review

A doctor goes over meds with a patient in the emergency room.

Even when patient expectations are met, not all patients are happy with their surgical outcomes.

For some low-risk procedures, patient-reported outcomes (PROs) may be the only measurable outcome. Reviewing the literature on PROs, investigators found most patients with positive pre-operative expectations reported less pain, disability, and higher quality of life postoperatively; some reported worse than expected; and for others (20%) there was no relationship between expectations and PROs.