Category Archives: Military
The Food and Drug Administration has announced some key safety changes to the labeling for some widely used cholesterol-lowering drugs known as statins. The changes include a revised schedule for monitoring liver enzymes in patients taking the drugs, and new information on rare cases of memory loss, confusion and hyperglycemia. Read more prescription drug news.
Soldiers in the Army National Guard with no history of alcohol abuse are at significant risk of developing alcohol-related problems during and after deployment, according to a new study published in Drug and Alcohol Dependence Journal. Researchers found that the soldiers at greatest risk of developing alcohol-related problems also experienced depression or PTSD during or after deployment. Read more on military health.
About 15 percent of surgeons have alcohol abuse or dependency problems, a rate that is somewhat higher than the rest of the population, according to a new survey published in the February issue of Archives of Surgery. Surgeons with alcohol abuse or dependence also accounted for 77.7 percent of surgeons reporting a medical error in the previous three months, researchers suggest. Read more on medical errors.
Soldiers deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan were more likely to start using smokeless tobacco than those who stayed home, according to a new study published in the journal Addiction. Troops were even more likely to use the tobacco products if they had exposure to combat. Study authors say this study adds to a long line of research on the increased risk of substance abuse for deployed military, possibly tied to the stress of these environments. Read more tobacco news.
New long-term research supports the idea that colonoscopy screening tests not only prevent colorectal cancers, but also go on to dramatically cut deaths from the disease. Researchers from Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York City found that removing precancerous polyps during colonoscopies resulted in a 53 percent drop in colon and rectal cancer mortality compared to deaths expected among similar patients in the general population. Read more on the latest developments in cancer prevention.
A new General Accounting Office report released yesterday found that the number of women veterans identified as homeless more than doubled, from 1,380 in fiscal year 2006 to 3,328 in fiscal year 2010. Almost two-thirds were between 40 and 59 years old, over one-third had disabilities and many of the women live with children under age 18.
Recommendations in the report include:
- In order to help achieve the goal of ending homelessness among veterans, the Secretaries of Veterans Affairs (VA) and Housing and Urban Development (HUD) should collaborate to ensure appropriate data are collected on homeless women veterans, and use these data to strategically plan for services.
- In order to ensure homeless women veterans have an appropriate place to stay while they await housing placement, the Secretary of VA should ensure implementation of the agency’s referral policies.
- To better serve the needs of homeless women veterans with children, the Secretary of VA should examine ways to improve transitional housing services for those veterans.
- To ensure that women veterans are safely housed, the Secretary of VA should determine what gender-specific safety and security standards are needed for housing programs, especially for those serving both women and men.
The American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network will hold an online chat for cancer advocates during the State of the Union address on Tuesday night. Information during the chat will include updates on 2012 cancer issue campaigns. Get more cancer news.
Children who have had sunburn at an early age are at almost double the risk for developing melanoma in adulthood, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics. Despite that, a new study in the journal Pediatrics found that half of 360 children for whom sunscreen data was recorded in Massachusetts had sunburn before age 11. The researchers followed up with the same group three years later and found that their rates of sunburn remained high and that sunscreen use had dropped to 25 percent. The authors say that studies are needed to determine how best to promote sun protection in settings that attract teens such as beaches, after-school sites and sporting events. Read more on children's health.
Agencies including the Food and Drug Administration, the National Institutes of Health and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration use a variety of strategies to educate prescribers about issues related to increasing abuse of prescription pain relievers, but more education is needed, according to a new report from the General Accounting Office.
The Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) is working to develop a legislative proposal to require education for prescribers who register with the Drug Enforcement Administration to prescribe controlled substances. The GAO recommends that the Director of ONDCP establish outcome metrics and implement a plan to evaluate proposed educational efforts, and ensure that agencies share lessons learned. Read more on prescription drugs.
The first U.S. flu vaccine plant to use cultured animal cells instead of the conventional process of using fertilized eggs, opened in Holly Springs, N.C., yesterday. The facility is a public-private partnership of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), and Novartis Vaccines and Diagnostics, Inc. of Cambridge, Mass. In a release, HHS said the cell-based vaccine technology is faster and more flexible, and could provide vaccine supplies sooner in an influenza pandemic. Get more flu news.
Researchers at New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center have been awarded an $11 million, four-year grant from the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) to conduct a large-scale clinical study of the comparative effectiveness of virtual reality and traditional treatments for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with 300 veterans in three cities. Virtual reality exposure therapy uses three-dimensional graphics delivered through special goggles to gradually immerse the patient into simulations of scenes of traumatic events, accompanied by other sensory stimulation like chair vibrations. The study will also search for genetic markers that may predispose people to the disorder. Read more on military health.
Three in four workers with a mental disorder report reduced productivity at work, according to a new report from the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. Work absences are also much more frequent for workers with mental illness. Report authors say the share of workers exposed to work-related stress, or job strain, has increased in the past decade all across the countries included in the study. Read more on mental health.
A veteran commits suicide every 80 minutes, according to reported information from the Department of Veterans Affairs. Unreported deaths may push those numbers even higher.
Foundations and government agencies are addressing the issue through screenings that begin during deployment and with continued follow-up after a service member comes back to the U.S. In observance of Veterans Day, Washington, D.C., talk show host Diane Rehm discussed the issue with experts including Barbara van Dahlen, founder and president of Give an Hour, a non-profit organization that provides free mental health services to veterans and their families, Ranjeev Ramchand of the Center for Military Health Policy Research at the RAND Corporation and Jan Kemp, National Mental Health Program Director for Suicide Prevention, Department of Veterans Affairs.
The show’s website also includes resources that can help prevent suicides among veterans:
- Veterans' Crisis Line: Connects veterans in crisis and their families and friends with qualified responders through a confidential toll-free hotline, online chat, or text message program.
- Give an Hour: Provides free mental health services to U.S. military personnel and their families affected by current conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq.
- Tragedy Assistance Program for Survivors: Offers support for those grieving the death of a loved one who served in the U.S military.
>>Listen to the program.
>>Read more on military health.
Today is Veteran's Day. Read about initiatives in the Federal government to address emerging health needs of returning veterans including mental health, homelessness and post-traumatic stress disorder. Get more news on military health.
Emergency room visits by North Carolinians experiencing heart attacks have declined by 21 percent since the January 2010 start of the state’s Smoke-Free Restaurants and Bars Law. Read more on tobacco policy and other news.
About 70 percent of smokers want to quit, and half of those have tried to quit in the last year, according to a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
A computer model developed by Stanford University researchers is able to more accurately assess cancer cells in breast tissue than pathologists. Using the model could help determine specific treatment and predict survival, say the researchers. The model may also be able to predict which women with early stage breast cancer do not need to undergo treatment at all. Get more cancer news.
The government of Australia has enacted the world’s first law requiring that all cigarettes be sold in plain packaging, free of colorful logos and other branding. Instead, cigarettes will be sold in olive green cartons with graphic images warning of the consequences of smoking. The Australian Senate approved the bill, and the House is expected to quickly agree to minor changes made by the Senate. Get more tobacco news.
In 2009, nearly 15,000 American women and men ended up in an emergency room after being intentionally drugged by someone else, according to a first-of-a-kind national report from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Association (SAMHSA). The majority of those visits (63 percent) were by females, and alcohol was a factor in 60 percent of all visits. “The danger of being tricked into ingesting an unknown substance is all too real at bars, raves, parties or concerts where alcohol and other substances are shared in a social manner,” said SAMHSA Administrator Pamela Hyde, in a news release. Read our Q&A with Pamela Hyde about mental health and substance abuse as preventable issues.
In counseling youth on skin cancer prevention, a focus on how too much sun exposure can affect their looks now and later in life can be more effective than warning them of risk for skin cancer, according to draft recommendations from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. The recommendations are for youth ages 10 to 24 with fair skin. The task force found the most success among late-adolescent females, the population most likely to pursue indoor tanning.
U.S. Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood announced the availability of $34.6 million for 55 projects in 32 states and Guam to enhance access to local, affordable transportation services for military families and wounded warriors. Read more on health in the military and the connection between transportation and health.
The recent first-ever Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report on mental health issues in America, found that half of all Americans have a mental health issue at some point in their lives. Pamela Hyde, JD, Administrator of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration (SAMHSA) a keynote speaker at this year’s APHA annual meeting, focused on what public health can do to identify these issues and improve prevention, treatment and recovery. Watch her opening session speech here, and read an APHA Q&A with her here.
NewPublicHealth: Your keynote speech at the American Public Health Association annual meeting focused attention on the issues of mental health as a pivotal component of public health. What does the American public need to learn about these issues?
Pamela Hyde: Behavioral health is a major public health issue and we in America don’t tend to look at as a public health issue. We tend to look at it as a social problem. The recent mental health parity legislation, which generally requires that insurance coverage is identical for mental and physical health concerns, helps tremendously in the sense that it makes it very clear that mental health and substance abuse services are just as important as healthcare services and that they should be treated similarly.
We use the term behavioral health because we’re trying to encompass everything from prevention to treatment to recovery and we’re trying to encompass both mental illnesses as well as substance abuse and substance use disorders. Behavioral health is a public health issue, just like diabetes or heart problems or hypertension. There are ways to prevent it and there are ways to treat it and people recover from it.
NPH: What are some of SAMHSA’s biggest recent achievements?
A number of breaking research studies were released at the APHA Annual Meeting. Here is a round-up of some of the new research highlights:
Teen boys with at least one parent in the military are at increased risk of engaging in physical fights at school, carrying a weapon and joining a gang, according to a study from researchers at University of Washington’s School of Public Health, which looked at data from the 2008 Washington State Healthy Youth Survey of more than 10,000 adolescents in the 8th, 10th and 12th grades of public schools. The study also found that girls in 8th grade with at least one parent in the military were at twice the risk of carrying a weapon. In 2010, 1.98 million United States children had at least one parent serving in the military.
Minority immigrants are at higher risk of experiencing poor health outcomes the longer they stay in the U.S., according to an analysis of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data between 2007 and 2008, by researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Those who have lived in the U.S. for 20 years have a 98 percent greater chance of being obese and 68 percent greater odds of having hypertension compared with those in the country for less than 10 years.
Nearly all construction workers will experience one or more work-related injuries or illnesses over a lifetime plus a greater risk of premature death, according to research from the Center for Construction Research and Training. The study also found that a Hispanic construction worker has a 20 percent higher likelihood of dying from a work-related injury.
Researchers from the Yale Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity released a new study at APHA today, which found that beverage companies extensively market sugary drinks to youths, with a significant focus on minority youth. Companies are beginning to shift dollars from traditional media to online, interactive, and rewards-based marketing designed to appeal to youth.
Mental health assessments given to all soldiers after deployment may miss many cases of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder, according to a study published in the Archives of General Psychiatry. The standard assessments are not anonymous, but when researchers had returning soldiers complete the assessments anonymously, a larger number of soldiers met the criteria for depression and/or post-traumatic stress disorder and a higher number reported suicidal thoughts. Read more on military health.
A new Vital Signs report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that drunk driving incidents peaked in 2006, and decreased nearly one-third through 2010. However, the latest data shows that drunk drivers got behind the wheel about 112 million times in 2010, resulting in about 300,000 incidents a day. A different report found that distracted driving (driving while texting or talking on the phone) resulted in half a million injuries.
The death toll from an outbreak of listeria linked to tainted cantaloupes has risen to 18, and at least 100 people in 20 states have become ill from the bacteria, according to the CDC. The agency says that even though the cantaloupes implicated in the outbreak were recalled Sept. 14, more cases can still emerge because the bacteria has a long lag time between diagnosis and laboratory confirmation and because it can take up to two months from eating contaminated food to develop the infection. Read more on the latest outbreaks and infectious diseases.