Scholars in Health Policy Research
Hilary Levey Friedman, PhD, (’09) co-authored “Pediatric Sports Injuries: A Comparison of Males Versus Females” in February’s American Journal of Sports Medicine. Her study found that female athletes had a higher percentage of overuse injuries compared with male athletes and sustained more injuries to the lower extremities. Males were more likely than females to participate in team and contact/collision sports.

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Clinical Scholars
The April issue of Pediatrics featured several articles written by Clinical Scholars alumni, including Eliana Perrin, MD, MPH, (’00); Gary Freed, MD, MPH, (’90); Michael Silverstein, MD, MPH, (’01); Russell Rothman, MD, MPP, (’00); and Tumaini Coker, MD, MBA, (’04).

Michelle Moniz, MD, (’13) along with Tammy Chang, MD, MPH, MS, (’11) and Matt Davis, MD, MAPP, (’98) co-authored a research letter that appeared in JAMA in April. The letter, “Attitudes About Mandated Coverage of Birth Control Medication and Other Health Benefits in a U.S. National Sample,” reports on a survey conducted by the three researchers. Of those surveyed, 69 percent supported a policy of mandated coverage of birth control medication in health plans.

Jen Edelman, MD, MHS, (’09) recently published a study, “Opportunities for Improving Partner Notification for HIV: Results from a Community-Based Participatory Research Study,” in the January 28 issue of the journal AIDS Behavior.

Ben Roman, MD, (’12); Enesha Cobb, MD, MTS, (’12); Kori Sauser, MD, (’12); Ashaunta Tumblin, MD, (’11); Erica Spatz, MD, (’08); Jonathan Bergman, MD, (’11); Charles Scales Jr., MD, (’11, VA Scholar); and Hiu-fai Fong, MD, (’12) authored case studies for a RAND Research Report published in April entitled “Redirecting Innovation in U.S. Health Care: Options to Decrease Spending and Increase Value.” Alumnus and former NAC member Art Kellerman, MD, MPH, FACE, (’83) co-authored the introduction.

Adam Sharp, MD, (’11) published a study, “Cost Analysis of Youth Violence Prevention,” in the February issue of Pediatrics. The study finds that the cost to prevent an episode of youth violence or its consequences is as low as $17.06 per case.

Lenard Lesser, MD, MSHS, (’09) co-authored a commentary in the March issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine entitled “Alternatives to Monetary Incentives for Employee Weight Loss.

Aasim Padela, MD, MSc, (’08) authored a study, “Relationships Between Islamic Religiosity and Attitude Toward Deceased Organ Donation Among American Muslims: A Pilot Study,” in the March issue of Transplantation. The study finds that overall levels of religiosity among American Muslims did not influence attitudes toward organ donation.

Theodore Long, MD, (’13) authored, “Moving From Silos to Teamwork: Integration of Interprofessional Trainees Into a Medical Home Model,” which was published online by the Journal of Interprofessional Care. The study describes the strategies in place at the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Connecticut Healthcare System Center of Excellence in Primary Care Education (CoEPCE).

Mitesh Patel, MD, MBA, (’12) published “Teaching Residents to Provide Cost-Conscious Care: A National Survey of Residency Program Directors” in JAMA Internal Medicine in March.

Arjun Venkatesh, MD, MBA, (’12) and VA Scholar Jeremiah Schuur, MD, (’05) co-authored a piece, “A ‘Top Five’ List for Emergency Medicine: A Policy and Research Agenda for Stewardship to Improve the Value of Emergency Care,” in the American Journal of Emergency Medicine.

Nicole Brown, MD, MPH, (’11) published a study in Pediatrics in February, “Need and Unmet Need for Care Coordination Among Children With Mental Health Conditions,” which finds that unmet need is more likely for families with children with anxiety disorder and less likely for those who report social support and family-centered care.

Ann-Marie Rosland, MD, MS, (’06) and Michele Heisler, MD, MPA, (’00) and colleagues authored a study, “Direct Social Support and Long-Term Health Among Middle-Aged and Older Adults With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus,” in the Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences.

The May issue of Surgery features 12 articles and five editorials from Clinical Scholars alumni, including Heena P. Santry, MD, MS, (’03); David A. Axelrod, MD, MBA, (’99); Elise H. Lawson, MD, MSHS, (’09); David R. Flum, MD, (’00); Jennifer Waljee, MD, MS, (’05); Arden M. Morris, MD, MPH, (’00); Stephen M. Downs, MD, MS, (’89); John L. Gore, MD, MS, (’07); Chuck Scales, MD, (’11); Cary Gross, MD, (’97); and Justin Fox, MD (’10).

Executive Nurse Fellows

Beth Bolick, DNP, PPCNP-BC, CPNP-AC, (’12) and a colleague published “Preparing Prelicensure and Graduate Nurses to Systematically Communicate Bad News to Patients and Families” in the Journal of Nursing Education, Volume 53, Issue 1, Pages 52–55.

Bonnie Brueshoff, MSN, BA, RN, (’06) was a contributing author to the new edition of Population-Based Public Health Nursing Clinical Manual: The Henry Street Model for Nurses, Second Edition.

Angela Green, PhD, MSN, BSN, (’13) and colleagues published “Increasing Capacity for Evidence-Based Practice Through the Evidenced-Based Practice Academy” in the Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, Volume 45, Issue 2, pages 83–90.

Jerry Mansfield, PhD, RN, (’05) published “The Future of Patient Safety and Quality of Care: The Evolving Role of the Registered Nurse” in Introduction to Quality and Safety Education for Nurses: Core Competencies.

Victoria Niederhauser, DrPH, RN, PNP-BC, (’08) and colleagues published “Developing a Perinatal Memory-Making Program at a Children’s Hospital” in the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing, Volume 39, Issue 2, pages 102–106.

Elizabeth Speakman, EdD, RN, CDE, ANEF, (’12) and colleagues published “Jefferson Interprofessional Clinical Rounding Project: An Innovative Approach to Patient Care” in the Journal of Allied Health, Volume 42, Issue 4, pages 197–201.

Beth Ann Swan, PhD, CRNP, FAAN, (’07) co-authored an article on care coordination models for achieving quality and safety outcomes for patients and families published in the American Nurses Association’s The Game Changer—How Nursing is Revolutionizing Quality Care. Swan also co-authored the study, “Developing the Value Proposition for the Role of the Registered Nurse in Care Coordination and Transition Management in Ambulatory Care Settings,” for Nursing Economic$; and the piece, “Evaluating Tablet Technology in an Undergraduate Nursing Program,” for Nursing Education Perspectives.

Julie Willems Van Dijk, PhD, RN, (’99) deputy director of the County Health Rankings and Road Maps Program in Madison, Wis., issued an RWJF-funded study in late March that measures mortality and quality of life in counties nationwide.

Harold Amos Medical Faculty Development Program

Adriana Tremoulet, MD, (’09) published “Infliximab for Intensification of Primary Therapy for Kawasaki Disease: A Phase 3 Randomised, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial” in the February 24 issue of the Lancet.

Alumnus and current National Program Office Director David Wilkes, MD, (’91) along with Deputy Director Nina Ardery and RWJF Program Officer David Krol, MD, MPH, FAAP, co-authored “Leveraging Diversity in American Academic Medicine: The Harold Amos Medical Faculty Development Program,” an article that details the program’s efforts to increase the diversity of health care professionals in the United States. The article, which describes three key factors that have driven the success of the program, was published in the May issue of the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

Health & Society Scholars

Tova Walsh, PhD, (’13) published “Moving Up the ‘Magic Moment’: Fathers’ Experience of Prenatal Ultrasound” in the May issue of Fathering. Walsh spent several months sitting in on nearly two dozen expectant mothers’ ultrasound appointments to discern what type of impact the appointment has on expectant fathers.

Jennie Brand, PhD, MS, (’04) co-authored a study that found that children of single mothers who unexpectedly lose their jobs suffer severe negative repercussions well into their adult years. The study appears in the American Journal of Sociology.

Jennifer Stuber, PhD, (’04) published “Conceptions of Mental Illness: Attitudes of Mental Health Professionals and the General Public” in the journal Psychiatric Services in Advance.

Alumni Andrew Papachristos, PhD, (’10) and Christopher Wildeman, PhD, (’08) co-authored “Tragic, But Not Random: The Social Contagion of Nonfatal Gunshot Injuries” in the February issue of Social Science & Medicine. Their research explores the social networks linking people arrested for gun violence in Chicago, finding that 70 percent of all non-fatal shootings occur in networks comprising less than 6 percent of the city’s population.

Annice Kim, PhD, (’05) published “E-Cigarette Advertising Expenditures in the U.S., 2011–2012” in the April issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Kim finds that spending on e-cigarette advertising tripled in one year—from $6.4 million in 2011 to $18.3 million in 2012.

Maria Glymour, MS, ScD, (’06) was a contributing author to the study “Individual and Spousal Unemployment as Predictors of Smoking and Drinking Behavior,” which appeared in Social Science & Medicine, March 2014.

A study by Samir Soneji, PhD, (’08) finds that tobacco companies may still influence young people through advertising, despite limitations placed on tobacco marketing. The study, “Direct-To-Consumer Tobacco Marketing and Its Association With Tobacco Use Among Adolescents and Young Adults,” was published online March 24 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Brendan Saloner, PhD, (’12) co-authored the study Primary Care Access for New Patients On the Eve of Health Care Reform,” which finds that while most primary care physicians are accepting new patients, access varies widely across states and insurance status. His study appeared April 7 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Gina Lovasi, PhD, MPH, (’06) and Michael Bader, PhD, (’09) co-authored “The Impact of Neighborhood Park Access and Quality on Body Mass Index Among Adults in New York City” in April in Preventive Medicine. Lovasi and Bader, along with their colleagues, find that neighborhoods featuring multiple, clean parks can impact a person’s body mass index.

Janet Tomiyama, PhD, (’09) and colleagues published “Clues to Maintaining Calorie Restriction? Psychosocial Profiles of Successful Long-Term Restrictors” in April in Appetite.

Investigator Awards in Health Policy Research

Peter Ubel, MD, (’07) co-authored a study titled “How Many Calories Are in My Burrito? Improving Consumers’ Understanding of Calorie Range Information” in April in the Journal of Public Health Nutrition. Ubel and colleagues observed customers at a Chipotle restaurant and examined how much people knew about calories in their menu selections.

Greg Duncan, PhD, and Jens Ludwig, PhD, (’09) co-authored “Associations of Housing Mobility Interventions for Children in High-Poverty Neighborhoods With Subsequent Mental Disorders During Adolescence” published in March in JAMA. The study finds that housing mobility interventions were associated with increased rates of depression, PTSD, and conduct disorder among boys, and reduced rates of depression and conduct disorder among girls.

Sandro Galea, MD, DrPH, MPH, (’06) co-authored “Understanding the Rural-Urban Differences in Nonmedical Prescription Opioid Use and Abuse in the United States” in the February issue of the American Journal of Public Health. The study examines differences in availability in and access to nonmedical prescription opioid use across rural and urban areas in the United States.

Alan Gerber, PhD, (’08) and Eric Patashnik, PhD, MPP, (’08) co-authored “Doctor Knows Best: Physician Endorsements, Public Opinion, and the Politics of Comparative Effectiveness Research” in the Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law. Through survey experiments, the authors demonstrate that the support of doctors’ groups for proposals to control costs and use comparative effectiveness research have a greater influence on aggregate public opinion than do cues from political actors, including congressional Democrats, Republicans, and a bipartisan commission.

Stephen Hinshaw, PhD, and Richard Scheffler, PhD, (’08) co-authored The ADHD Explosion: Myths, Medication, Money, and Today’s Push for Performance, published by Oxford University Press in February. Among its findings, the book suggests that standardized testing is fueling an increase in ADHD diagnoses among adolescents in the United States.

Haiden Huskamp, PhD, (’06) co-authored “Integrating Care at the End of Life—Should Medicare Advantage Include Hospice?” in April in JAMA.

Aaron Kesselheim, MD, JD, MPH, (’09) co-authored “What Is the Public’s Right to Access Medical Discoveries Based on Federally Funded Research?” in the March issue of JAMA.

Ilan Meyer, PhD, (’08) co-authored “Protective School Climates and Reduced Risk for Suicide Ideation in Sexual Minority Youths” in the February American Journal of Public Health that examines whether sexual minority students living in states and cities with more protective school climates were at lower risk of suicidal thoughts, plans, and attempts.

Matthew Nisbet, PhD, (’08) co-authored “Understanding Public Opinion in Debates Over Biomedical Research: Looking Beyond Political Partisanship to Focus on Beliefs About Science and Society” in PLOS ONE. The study analyzes cross-sectional, nationally representative survey data between 2002 and 2010 to investigate the relative influence of political partisanship and science-related schema on Americans’ support for embryonic stem cell research.

Harold Pollack, PhD, MPP, (’11) co-authored “HIV Testing in the Nation’s Opioid Treatment Programs, 2005‒2011: The Role of State Regulations” in February in Health Services Research that identifies the extent to which clients in a national sample of opioid treatment programs (OTPs) received HIV testing in 2005 and 2011, and examines relationships between state laws for informed consent and pretest counseling, and rates of HIV testing among OTP clients.

S.V. Subramanian, PhD, MPhil, (’09) co-authored “Association Between Economic Growth and Early Childhood Undernutrition: Evidence From 121 Demographic and Health Surveys From 36 Low-Income and Middle-Income Countries” in the Lancet Global Health that estimates the association between changes in gross domestic product and changes in child undernutrition outcomes.

Nurse Faculty Scholars

Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda, PhD, RN, MPH, CPH, (’11) and colleagues published “Perceptions of Adolescents, Parents, and School Personnel from a Predominantly Cuban American Community Regarding Dating and Teen Dating Violence Prevention” in Research in Nursing & Health, Volume 37, Issue 2, pages 117–127. The information generated from this study can be used to develop culturally tailored teen dating violence prevention programs targeting youth of Hispanic origin.

Kathleen Hickey, EdD, FNP-BC, ANP-BC, FAAN, (’09) and colleagues published “The Effect of Cardiac Genetic Testing on Psychological Well-Being and Illness Perceptions” in Heart and Lung, Volume 43, pages 127–132. The study assesses the effects of positive cardiac genetic diagnoses, implantable cardioverter-defibrillator discharges, and arrhythmias on measures of psychological well-being.

Sarah Szanton, PhD, CRNP, (’11) and colleagues published “CAPABLE Trial: A Randomized Controlled Trial of Nurse, Occupational Therapist, and Handyman to Reduce Disability Among Older Adults: Rationale and Design” in Contemporary Clinical Trials, Volume 38, Issue 1, pages 102–112.

Scholars in Health Policy Research

Graeme Boushey, PhD, (’10) co-authored “Public Health and Agenda Setting: Determinants of State Attention to Tobacco and Vaccines” in the March issue of the Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law that finds neighboring states can influence gubernatorial attention to tobacco and vaccine policies.

Helen Marrow, PhD, (’08) co-authored “Mexican Americans as a Paradigm for Contemporary Intra-Group Heterogeneity,” which was published online April 29 in Ethnic and Racial Studies. The study sheds light on how education, intermarriage, mixed ancestry, and geographic mobility intersected for Mexican immigrants and their descendants over the 20th century, and in turn shaped their ethnic identity.

Harold Pollack, PhD, MPP, (’94) co-authored “Dentists’ Willingness to Provide Expanded HIV Screening in Oral Health Care Settings: Results From a Nationally Representative Survey” in the American Journal of Public Health in May. The study assesses dentists’ willingness to provide oral rapid HIV screening in the oral health care setting.

Eric Oliver, PhD, (’99) co-authored “Conspiracy Theories and the Paranoid Style(s) of Mass Opinion” in March in the American Journal of Political Science. He finds that half of the American public consistently endorses at least one conspiracy theory, and that many popular conspiracy theories are differentiated along ideological and anomic dimensions.